Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born into a Tamil Muslim family on October 15, 1931, on the island of Dhanushkodi, India.
At the first they were Wealthy family, his father has a rented boat for Rameswaram to Dhanushkodi, After the construction of Pamban Bridge, they become poor.
Kalam went to Schwartz school. He can't pay the school fees so, sold newspaper to fulfill Needs and his school fees.
Kalam was an average student has a great interested in Science and Mathematics.
Kalam went on to attend Saint Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli, then affiliated with the University of Madras, he graduated in physics in 1954 but not satisfied with his degree.
He moved to Madras in 1955 to study aerospace engineering in MIT (Madras Institute of Technology).
He narrowly missed achieving his dream of becoming a fighter pilot, as he placed ninth in qualifiers, and only eight positions were available in the IAF (Indian Air Force).
After graduating from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1960, Kalam joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as a scientist. He started his career by designing a small hovercraft.
In 1963–64, he visited NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia; Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland; and Wallops Flight Facility. Kalam was also part of the INCOSPAR committee working under Vikram Sarabhai, he learned a leadership of qualities.
1969 Kalam shifted to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) where he was the project director of India's first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle. In 1969, Kalam received the government's approval and expanded the programme to include more engineers.
Between the 1970s and 1990s, Kalam made an effort to develop the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and SLV-III projects, both of which proved to be successful.
Kalam served as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister and the Secretary of the Defence Research and Development Organisation from July 1992 to December 1999.
In 2002 elected as president of India he is also called as
People President Kalam served as the 11th President of India, In 2003 interactive session in PGI Chandigarh, Kalam supported the need of Uniform Civil Code in India, keeping in view the population of the country. In 2007 he leaves the President post. After leaving office, Kalam became a visiting professor in IIT and IIM.
Bharath Ratna"in 1997.
Hoover Medaland the
International Von Karman WingsAward
IEEE MembershipAward in 2011.
Docter of ScienceAward.
Kalam writing many books,
India 2020 Reached hearts of many people. Become famous among peoples of India. he launched a programme for the youth of India called the "What Can I Give Movement", with a central theme of defeating corruption.
A.P.J Abdul Kalam Quotes
You have to dream before your dreams can come true.
Man needs his difficulties because they are necessary to enjoy success.
Great dreams of great dreamers are always transcended.
In July 27 2015, Kalam passed away in IIM shillong engraving sadness in our heart.